Perhaps no intentional sport rivalry is as intense as that of the Indian-Pakistani cricket rivalry. In encounters between the two nations' cricket teams, the teams are subjected to an immense amount of pressure to win by their respective nations, to a degree not seen in any other international sport contest. What is the reason for this? The answer in one word, is politics. The politics between the two nations is too long and complex to be fitted into this article, but it would sufficient to understand that cricket insuperable from Indian-Pakistani politics - the very pride of their nations depend on their performance. To understand better the intensity of this political relationship, and cricket rivalry, one would only need to look at the wars - the highest expression of international political animosity - fought between the two nations. This article talks about each briefly. Read on and enjoy!
First Kashmir War (1947)
The war that began all other wars. If you understand Indian-Pakistani history, you would have guessed/known what this war broke out over - Kashmir. The final status of the strategically important Kashmir was not decided at the time of the establishment of independent India and Pakistan on August 15, 1947. Pakistan feared that the Maharaja of the princely state of Kashmir and Jammu would accede to India. The Maharaja is a Hindu, ruling over a majority Muslim population. With encouragement from the Pakistani armed forces, local pro-Pakistan tribal forces attacked and occupied parts of Kasmir and Jammu, forcing the Maharaja to do away with the indecision and go under Indian rule, as a condition for his receiving of Indian military aid. Although a ceasefire was agreed upon later in the conflict, no peace treaty was signed.
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 (1965)
Tensions did not go down with the ending of the first war - they broke out again in 1965. This war started by Pakistan's Operation Gibraltar, which was an attempt to infiltrate forces into Jammu and Kashmir in order to start an insurgency against rule by India. India retaliated by undertaking a full-scale military offensive on Pakistan. Despite lasting a short 17 days, thousands of casualties were suffered on both sides. The war only ended in a ceasefire, with the intervention of the superpowers - USA and the USSR - who felt such active hostility between the two was not helping the tense relationship between the superpowers on the international stage.
Bangladesh Liberation War (1971)
This was was unique among all that is listed here. This war did not broke out over Kashmir directly, but over what is now Bangladesh. At that point in time, Bangladesh was still under the rule of the Pakistanis, and was known as East Pakistan. Socio-economic grievances culminated in a declaration of independence by the Sheikh Rahman (the leader of the independence movement), which in turn led to a crackdown by the Pakistani army in the brutal Operation Searchlight. The Indian army naturally intervened in aid of the Bangladeshi independence movement.
Kargil War (1999)
This war is the most small-scale of all that is listed in this article. It began when some Pakistani troops infiltrated across the Line of Control (that which delineates the border between India and Pakistan) and held on to some ridges in the mountainous Kargil district. Although it lasted two months before the international community intervened with the result that a ceasefire was agreed upon, casualties were minimal. The mountainous terrain meant large troop actions which could result in significant casualties, were not feasible.
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